Higher heat and adverse weather have wreaked havoc on nations throughout the Middle East and Central Asia. Egypt is extremely susceptible to water scarcity, desertification, increasing sea levels, and other negative climate change effects. Agriculture, tourism, and coastal towns would be particularly vulnerable if no response is made.
Climate change raises the unpredictability of water supplies considerably. Egypt must be prepared for this normal state of affairs when Egypt’s Climate is concerned, and it has to start planning right away. The country is especially exposed to climatic variability and change effects, notably in water security, agricultural and cattle, increasingly severe health and human settlement conditions, and energy demand and supply.
Egypt’s NDC aligns with the country’s overarching aims of eliminating vulnerability and poverty while attaining long-term sustainable economic growth. Key areas of attention include environmental sustainability, water resources, energy, sustainable land management, agriculture, and health.
Effect Of Climate Change On Food Security
As the country relies on food imports, Egypt is affected not just by climate change consequences at home but also by effects in other food-producing nations. Food price hikes caused by climate change would diminish Egypt’s food import demand while simultaneously decreasing demand for Egypt’s exports.
The ramifications of changes in Egypt’s Climate include tighter food markets, with lower local output, and higher import problems, making it more difficult to supplement the domestic food supply. This condition shows that efforts in climate change adaptation in agriculture are required. Given the enormous cost of severe climate change consequences on Egypt’s society, a global collaboration to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is also necessary.
Effect Of Climate Change On Water Resources
The Nile River provides more than 95% of Egypt’s water resources. So far, the country has used 55.5 billion m3 of water from the reservoir. In its Fourth Assessment Report (2007), the IPCC stated that most of north and southern Africa would face water scarcity. In contrast, East, Central, and West Africa are anticipated to experience severe rain, leading to a spike in flooding. This scenario will eventually affect Egypt.
Water Supply Vulnerability And Salinity Of Water in The Delta Region
Climate change in the Nile River Basin and Egypt will put the water balance, water salinity, food security, and Egypt’s socioeconomic system at risk by 2050. The flow into Nasser Lake will vary as a result of climate change. According to the WB-SAL model, the salinity of drainage water to the sea would increase by 11.5% from its present level of 1 859 mg/L to 2 073 mg/L under Scenario 1, and the salinity of irrigation water would increase by 11.5%. Significantly, salinity variations in the delta region in the possible future might be related to changes in the following five factors: Nile River water supply, rate of seawater intrusion into shallow groundwater, population, evaporation, and agricultural area.
As a result, under any climate change scenario, the sustainability of population increase and water usage may be called into question. However, significant socioeconomic and political implications are connected with implementing demand management strategies in Egypt; political and institutional support would be required to build capability and action in this area. Furthermore, collaboration across Nile Basin countries will be required to handle the stated difficulties technically, such as data exchange, and politically, such as water distribution.
Effect Of Climate Change On Human Well-being
Higher temperatures would harm human health, owing to changes in the geographical ranges of disease vectors such as mosquitos, waterborne pathogens, water quality, air quality, and food availability and quality. Infectious illnesses like malaria and schistosomiasis will become more common. Higher CO2 levels, as well as fiercer and more frequent sandstorms in desert areas, will exacerbate allergy responses and lung disorders throughout the region.
How Can We Help?
Several hazards may impact Egypt’s highly populated coastal strip and Nile Delta when sea levels rise substantially as a result of global warming, with serious ramifications for the economy, agriculture, and industry.
Seeders Capital is a resilient environmental solutions company devoted to societal development toward a circular economy through specialized initiatives. We endeavor to help eradicate pollution, environmental harm, and our dependence on fossil fuels by implementing Zero Pollution Zones – self-sufficient and sustainable locations and settlements for people, organizations, institutions, and even governments.
Seeders Capital assists society’s transition to a sustainable, circular economy through zoning and self-sufficiency projects. Our goals include:
- Improving access to safe drinking water.
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We seek to make a constructive contribution to mitigating the negative consequences of climate change. Explore Now!